The use of a tree transplanting service in skokie gives homeowners a way to save a tree rather than cut it down. The homeowner can transplant the tree to a more suitable location where it is likely to thrive. The safety of the tree relies on a careful transplant process because the season and damage to the roots could cost the tree its life.
What is tree transplanting?
Transplanting means to take an established sapling or young tree and remove it along with its entire root system from the soil. The tree and its root ball are then planted in another area. The process of transplanting typically works best with smaller trees with a trunk diameter of three inches or less. Larger trees will have a larger root system that will complicate the process and could become damaged during the move. Larger trees also weigh more, so moving it may become dangerous to the people involved and to the tree.
What is the best time to transplant a tree?
The dormant periods of late fall before the first frost and early spring before leaves sprout are the best times to transplant a tree. A dormant tree does not rely on a constant supply of water and nutrients for its leaves or fruit.
Transplant shock can occur if transplanting non-dormant trees. The tree may not root well and fail to become established. The leaves may wilt and discolor. Eventually, the tree can lose limbs and become susceptible to pests and disease.
How do you move a tree without killing it?
A tree transplanting service in skokie will prune the roots of the tree two or three months before transplanting. Pruning cuts the feeder roots so it is easier to move the tree. Pruning before the move allows the tree to adapt to the root change. A circle cut with a spade around the diameter of the tree about 15 inches from the trunk prunes the roots.
The new hole is dug first so the tree can immediately go back into the earth. All the clumps of soil in the hole are broken down so the roots can establish easier. Native soil works best during a transplant so fertilizing is not necessary.
Water the tree the night before for root health and to soften the ground. Netting or twine around the lower branches will secure the brances to the trunk. The netting makes the tree easier to handle and protects the branches. A hole dug several inches beyond the pruning circle will make it possible to remove the root ball.
Once pried up from the earth, burlap covers the root ball to protect the roots and hold in any soil attached to the root ball. The tree goes in the new hole with about an inch of the root ball left above the surface. The burlap comes off before refilling the soil. The tree needs water once in place and daily for a couple of weeks.
Transplanted trees take time to establish themselves and may not fully thrive during this period. Expect one year of recovery for every diameter inch of the trunk. The tree should not begin to wilt or lose branches but will have smaller leaves and a reduced growth rate. The tree may be in distress if it does not continue to grow or fails to produce leaves.